Picture 1: Monument to the freedom fighter in Tyrol Andreas Hofer (executed on February 20, 1810)
Tyrolean and Russian freedom fighters
Born in 1767 and not receiving any education, Andreas Hofer, after his father, kept a hotel, while at the same time engaged in oral propaganda among his compatriots dissatisfied with the government: in 1809 he raised the banner of the uprising in Tyrol. The first steps of the freedom fighter against Napoleon were not successful, but after the battle of Bergisel, Hofer defeated the Bavarians and Tyrol was liberated, the population greeted Andreas Hofer with loud applause. But Tyrol enjoyed freedom only until the Treaty of Vienna, according to which it was to be ceded to the French. Andreas Hofer was sentenced to death by Napoleon on February 20, 1820. The fighter died, but his name did not die, the Tyroleans immortalized his name by erecting a monument near the Innsbruck mountain in Austria.
Russians honor the memory of their fighters in a different way: the graves of their heroes are deprived of even a simple cross. To be convinced of this, it is worth looking at the graves of the Saratov father and son Horabik, who fell victims of the liberation movement. Their remains were seen off by a crowd of thousands, beautiful ardent speeches were spoken over them.
And now their forgotten graves threaten to be razed to the ground and disappear forever. And this is not only in Saratov, but everywhere. Schmidt's grave also threatens to disappear without a cross and a monument.
Picture 2: The graves of Ludwig and Boris Horabik, at the cemetery in Saratov. Picture 3: The first group of Saratov political exiles in the prison yard in Tyumen
A poem: Hunger... Long patience... Beggar's allotment...
Blood... Violence... Intoxication...
Lashes and shooting. A volley .... A crowd ... Shadows of the killed…
Endless torments ... Moans ... Horror ... Pain and tears.
A series of immeasurable crimes of the important person.
And whips... And prison, prison.
THE FUNERAL OF COMRADE HORABIK.
One of the victims of the pogrom was comrade Horabik, a worker at the Hantke factory. After suffering for several days in the hospital from a serious wound, he died on October 30. The loss of a wonderful comrade, who was known and appreciated not only by the workers of his plant, but by the entire broad working mass of Saratov, caused a heavy mood, on the one hand, and on the other, gave rise to a desire to bury him so that his memory would be preserved for a long time. Our committee and the committee of the local organization of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party (Horabik was a member of the Socialist-Revolutionary fighting squad) developed a wide oral and written agitation for organizing a demonstrative funeral. Our committee wrote: “Comrades! In a bloody battle against the enemy, one of the fighters of the proletariat, worker of the Hantke factory Ludwig Horabik died. On October 20, having separated from the fighting squad, he was brutally maimed by the Black Hundreds and seriously wounded. On October 30, the glorious fighter for a brighter future passed away ... the duty of the proletariat to honor those who fell in the struggle for the holy cause of freedom. The Saratov Committee of the RSDLP invites comrades to the Roman Catholic Church on November 1 at 3 p.m. to take part in the funeral procession. Order must be protected by the participants. Comrades! Let everyone in whom the holy thirst for freedom has not died out come to the dear grave and say the last “farewell” to his comrade. Courage is our protection, it is also the guarantee of our victory." An organizing committee was appointed, and the committee of the Socialist-Revolutionaries worked out a plan for the procession. It was decided to go to Nemetskaya ulitsa ('German Street') to the church, and then, after the ceremony, along the same street, move to the cemetery with unfolded red banners and singing revolutionary songs. The fighting squad was supposed to protect the procession from the Black Hundreds and police attacks. However, the police prevented this plan from being carried out. The leaders of the procession were asked to go from Horabik's apartment along Astrakhanskaya street to the cemetery, not trying to carry out his plan, because all the streets leading to the city center will be filled with Cossack and soldier outfits. In order to avoid bloody clashes, the imposed plan had to be adopted. In the morning, workers, employees, and young students began to converge. By two o'clock, five thousand had gathered, and the procession moved on. More than two dozen wreaths with red ribbons were carried in front of the coffin, upholstered in red cloth ... The mourners walked in rows, holding hands ... on the sides and in front of the procession was a chain of armed militants ... The choir and the whole procession tirelessly sang “Eternal Memory”, then “You fell a victim”, “You did not serve for a long time, but honestly for (the good of your native land”, then - the military Marseillaise ... Near the technical school, black mourning and red flags were hoisted on bamboo, folding poles. When they left through the crossing to the cemetery, the third - red - flag was hoisted. In the cemetery in front of the open grave, speeches were made by P. I. Klochkov and P. M. Mersitov from us and A. A. Minin and A. A. Gerasimov from the Socialist-Revolutionaries. - "Sleep, dear comrade,” said Mersitov, “we are closing our ranks in the struggle and will not end it until the proletariat has won.” Did he then think that he, a Bolshevik, future member of the standing committee of our party, at the moment of the victory of the proletariat, would be its ardent enemy … He would be an assistant to the executioner Denikin, drunk and fed by the same Black hundreds, from the hands of which the glorious Horabik died ...