Labor Day demonstrations were held in Russia even in tsarist times. However, after the Revolution, the workers became the “ruling” class and the parades became official. In the 1920s, Labor Day (it was also called ‘Day of the International’) became a nationwide holiday.
The poster says: “Forward to fight for the party’s general line!” (And the general line was collectivization and industrialization), 1935
May 1 usually saw a massive parade of workers of different jobs and military men. The most impressive and huge one usually took part on Red Square in Moscow, 1940.
Musicians, firemen, athletes - the long procession of workers celebrating Labor Day, 1950s.
Women marching with flowers and flags during a May Day parade near the Duma building, 1950.
Factory workers resembling ‘Star Wars’ characters lining up for a parade, 1963.
Impressive procession started from the Historical Museum and passing by the Lenin’s Mausoleum head off to St. Basil’s Cathedral, 1967.
Parade of firemen, 1970s.
A demonstration with portraits of Karl Marx, as well as Vladimir Lenin and other Soviet leaders, 1971.
The tradition of huge annual Victory Day parades on May 9 appeared in the USSR only in the 1980s. Before that, they were arranged only for big Victory jubilees. But, the military men usually marched on Labor Day, 1973.
Kids also took part in parades and it was considered an incredible honor, 1973.
To impress the masses and TV audiences, people made incredible figures with their bodies and have trained for weeks before that to reach the perfect synchrony, 1975.
The Communist Party leaders, the main army commanders and other most important officials always attend the parades, watching from the Mausoleum tribune, 1975.
“Communism will win”: The parades always held strong ideological content and sense, 1976.
A motorcyclists parade, 1970s.
People line up to form ‘May 1’ with their bodies, 1977.
A massive parade welcomed by a portrait of Leonid Brezhnev, 1982.
Our website and social media accounts are under threat of being restricted or banned, due to the current circumstances. So, to keep up with our latest content, simply do the following:
- Subscribe to our Telegram channel
- Subscribe to our weekly email newsletter
- Enable push notifications on our website
- Install a VPN service on your computer and/or phone to have access to our website, even if it is blocked in your country
If using any of Russia Beyond's content, partly or in full, always provide an active hyperlink to the original material.